Syllabus for Limnology D

Limnologi D


  • 15 credits
  • Course code: 1BG505
  • Education cycle: Second cycle
  • Main field(s) of study and in-depth level: Biology A1N
  • Grading system: Fail (U), Pass (3), Pass with credit (4), Pass with distinction (5)
  • Established: 2014-03-13
  • Established by:
  • Revised: 2018-08-30
  • Revised by: The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
  • Applies from: week 30, 2019
  • Entry requirements: A Bachelor's degree including (1) 60 credits in biology and 30 credits in chemistry or 30 credits in earth science, or (2) 90 credits in biology.
  • Responsible department: Biology Education Centre

Learning outcomes

The general aim of the course is to give students knowledge of relevance for their future career in limnology, in research or with an applied focus. On completion of the course, the student should be able to:

  • analyse and evaluate abiotic and biotic conditions in aquatic systems
  • account for structure and dynamics in biogeochemical cycles and organism communities
  • carry out basic sampling and analyses in freshwater field/laboratory systems
  • plan and carry out experiment/field studies
  • present and evaluate experiment/field studies both orally and in writing.
In the course, an introduction to Master's studies is included. After passing this module, the student should be able to:
  • show awareness of ethical aspects of research and development including questions concerning plagiarism and equal opportunities/equal treatment
  • demonstrate an understanding of the potential applications of biology, limitations and its role in society
  • take personal responsibility for acquiring knowledge.


The course communicates an ecosystem perspective on inland water, which comprises both physical, chemical and biological parts. Various types of inland water will be studied such as nutritious flatland lakes and nutrient-poor forest lakes.
Lake morphometry. The optical and thermal properties of water, dissolved gases, trace elements, nutrients, dissolved salts and organic substances. Sampling theory is also included, as well as palaeolimnology and an orientation in aquatic environmental problems such as eutrophication and acidification.
Limnetic ecosystems and communities including phytoplankton, macrophytes, zooplankton, benthic fauna, fish, and bacteria will be included. Common species and characteristic species for different lake types are discussed. Seasonal variation and its steering factors, as well as growth and nutrient demands in different organism groups are also included in this part of the limnology course. Furthermore, microbial limnology and the biogeochemical cycle of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus, as well as aerobic and anaerobic microbial processes in water and sediment are included.

Field course. Practical training in sampling and analyses, collaborative projects in groups, and in oral and written presentation.


The teaching be given in the form of lectures, seminars, computer exercises, field course and laboratory sessions. Participation in seminars, field course and laboratory sessions are compulsory.


Modules: Species taxonomy 4 credits; Field course 4 credits; Theory 5 credits; Introduction to Master Studies 2 credits alternatively literature project 2 credits. The module species taxonomy is examined through written and oral  tests. The field course requires active participation and oral and written presentations. The theory part requires active participation in seminars and laboratory sessions and passed written exam. For the Introduction to Master Studies active participation in seminars, a written report, and the completion of a study plan, are required. Alternatively, a literature project with a written report is required. 
If there are special reasons for doing so, an examiner may make an exception from the method of assessment indicated and allow a student to be assessed by another method. An example of special reasons might be a certificate regarding special pedagogical support from the disability coordinator of the university.

Other directives

The course can not be credited in a degree together with 1BG202 Limnology I, 1BG 227 Limnology, 1G380 Limnology I D or 1BG041 Limnology L.

Reading list

Reading list

Applies from: week 30, 2019

  • Likens, Gene E. Encyclopedia of Inland Waters

    Amsterdam: Elsevier/Academic Press, Press,c 2009

    Find in the library