Main field(s) of study and in-depth level:
Computer Science G2F,
Fail (U), 3, 4, 5
The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
60 credits including at least 15 credits in mathematics, including Automata Theory, and 30 credits in computer science, including Operating Systems and second course in computer programming.
To pass, the student must understand, how simple imperative programming languages equivalent to C can be compiled to machine code for RISC-like machines.
The students must specifically be able to
structure a compiler as a sequence of distinct translation steps
use regular languages to describe the lexical elements of a programming language
describe lexical analysis using a finite automaton
use context free languages to describe the syntactic structure of a programming language
use the parsing methods top-down (recursive descent) and bottom-up (LR)
use abstract syntax trees to represent the results of the syntactic analysis
break down statements and expressions to simpler designs, and translate syntax trees to intermediate code
describe how recursive procedure calls can be implemented by means of stacks, activation posts and machine registers
translate the simplified intermediate code of a program to machine-specific instructions
Lexical analysis (scanning). Syntactical analysis (parsing). Program representation in Abstract Syntax Trees (AST). Symbol tables and scope rules for C-like languages. Type-checking for C-like languages. Different forms of intermediate code (IR). Generation of intermediate code. Call stacks and activation posts. Code generation for RISC-like machines. Basic blocks, control-flow graphs, liveness analysis, register allocation.
Lectures, laboratory sessions.
The course is examined by written examination (4 credits) and assignments (1 credit).