Master’s studies

Syllabus for Free Electron Laser Science

Frielektronlaser - vetenskap och teknik


  • 10 credits
  • Course code: 1FA581
  • Education cycle: Second cycle
  • Main field(s) of study and in-depth level: Physics A1F
  • Grading system: Fail (U), 3, 4, 5
  • Established: 2011-03-10
  • Established by: The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
  • Revised: 2015-04-20
  • Revised by: The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
  • Applies from: week 30, 2015
  • Entry requirements: 120 credits in science/engineering. Electromagnetic Field Theory and Synchrotron Radiation are recommended.
  • Responsible department: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Learning outcomes

After completing the course the student should be able to:

  • summarise and explain the basic physics of a free electron laser (FEL).
  • describe the performance and properties of free electron lasers and the generated radiation.
  • describe and illustrate by examples methods to improve the performance of free electron lasers.
  • compare FEL laboratories around the world and the type of research driven at these facilities.
  • describe applications of free electron lasers in various fields, ranging from atomic and molecular physics, plasma physics and structural biology.
  • demonstrate problem-solving ability both orally and in written form.
  • present and discuss individual project results, orally and in writing.


FEL physics: undulator radiation; theory of beam-wave interaction in FELs; optical beams and guided modes; X-ray optics; FEL oscillators and high-gain FELs; SASE FEL and methods of improving coherence of FELs; photon diagnostics.

FEL applications: long wavelength FELs; X-ray FELs; atomic and molecular physics applications; high energy density science; X-ray diffraction; biology applications; ultrafast X-ray science.


Lectures, problem-solving sessions, literature study, combined with seminars where students present research articles to each other.


Hand-in assignments and problem solving at seminars (5 credits), written reports and oral presentation of individual projects (5 credits).

Reading list

Reading list

Applies from: week 11, 2015

  • Lindblad, Andreas Free Electron Laser (FEL) Technology

    Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Uppsala universitet och MAX-laboratoriet, Lund,