The course will prepare for fundamental and applied research within surface physics and related fields, such as material science, material chemistry and nanoscience. After completing the course the student should be able to:
describe the atomic structure of crystalline low-index surfaces, and using simple models calculate surface energies for simple surfaces and show the connection between the surface energy and the shape of particles and reconstructions of surfaces,
use the connection between real space and reciprocal space to show how this gives rise to diffraction patterns and master the different notations used to assign overlayers and reconstructions,
describe the principles behind the most important spectroscopic and microscopic methods used in surface science, which information that is attained from these techniques and how various methods can be combined,
explain the characteristics for different kinds of adsorption with respect to binding energy, binding distance, surface coordination and electronic structure,
derive and apply basic kinetic models for the processes of adsorption and diffusion,
describe fundamental catalytic reactions, derive simple kinetic models that describe these reactions and show how one can diagnose the reaction,
describe different ways to grow films and how the growth mode is connected to the surface energy of the materials.
Surface structure, stability and reactivity. Surface crystallography. Reconstructions and relaxation. Surface electronic structure. Experimental methods for surface electronic structure. Adsorption of atoms and molecules. Different types of bonding. Kinematics and dynamics of surface processes. Reactions on surfaces. Heterogeneous catalysis. Epitaxial growth. Layer-by-layer growth and island formation. Properties of interfaces. Segregation. Research presentations are also given. Demonstrations: x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), low energy electron diffraction (LEED) and scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM).
Lectures, exercises, group discussions and demonstrations.
Written examination at the end of the course. A bonus system based on hand-ins is used.
The course may not be included in the same higher education qualifications as 1FA554 Surface and interface physics.