Master’s studies

Syllabus for Continuum Mechanics in Geophysics

Kontinuummekanik inom geofysik


  • 5 credits
  • Course code: 1GE048
  • Education cycle: Second cycle
  • Main field(s) of study and in-depth level: Physics A1N, Earth Science A1N
  • Grading system: Fail (U), 3, 4, 5
  • Established: 2015-03-12
  • Established by: The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
  • Applies from: week 01, 2015
  • Entry requirements: 120 credits including 75 credits in physics and mathematics.
  • Responsible department: Department of Earth Sciences

Learning outcomes

After successful completion of the course, the student is expected to be able to:

  • Write down and apply the conservation equations of momentum, energy, and mass in continuum form.
  • Describe conceptually and in equations the fundamentally different types of material behaviour (rheologies).
  • Formulate and solve a complete set of dynamical equations.
  • Find the principal orientations and values of the tensor fields of stress and strain.
  • Derive the Navier-Stokes equation from the conservation equations and a viscous rheology and apply it to fluid mechanics problems.
  • Derive the seismic wave equations and solve the equations for simple systems.


Continuum hypothesis. Stress tensor, pressure and deviatoric stresses. Eigenvectors and eigenvalues. Conservation of linear momentum. Conservation of angular momentum and symmetry of the stress tensor. Strain tensor and displacement gradient tensor. Stress and strain invariants. Isotropic elasticity. Airy stress function. Heat transfer and conservation of energy. Compressibility and the mantle adiabat. Newtonian fluids, Navier-Stokes equation. Eulerian vs. Lagrangian description and concept of advection. Conservation of mass. Scaling, dynamic similarity, Reynolds- and Rayleigh number. The stream function. Non-Newtonian viscosity, plasticity, and visco-elasticity.


Lectures, homework, exercise sessions.


Written examination (4 credits) and homework assignments (1 credit).

Reading list

Reading list

Applies from: week 01, 2015

  • Kompendium.

    Institutionen för geovetenskaper,

    Course notes will be provided during the course.