Master’s studies

Syllabus for Reflection Seismology



  • 5 credits
  • Course code: 1GE054
  • Education cycle: Second cycle
  • Main field(s) of study and in-depth level: Physics A1F, Earth Science A1F
  • Grading system: Fail (U), 3, 4, 5
  • Established: 2015-03-12
  • Established by: The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
  • Applies from: week 01, 2015
  • Entry requirements: 180 credits including 75 credits in physics and mathematics. Seismology 10 credits, and Continuum Mechanics in Geophysics 5 credits.
  • Responsible department: Department of Earth Sciences

Learning outcomes

After successful completion of the course, the student is expected to be able to:

  • Transform equations from the time-space domain to the wavenumber-frequency domain.
  • Recite Snell’s law and apply it to solving ray tracing problems.
  • Derive the eikonal equation and describe how it is used in seismic migration.
  • Give an account of the basic principles of reflection seismic data acquisition and processing.
  • Apply processing steps to seismic data using MATLAB and make changes in the computer code.
  • Explain the concept and apply the different types of migration techniques (Kirchhoff migration, downward continuation, phase shift migration).


Basics of reflection seismics, Fourier transform, the wave equation, ray theory, migration, dip moveout (DMO), Radon transforms, numerical methods, reflection and transmission of elastic waves, pre-stack migration.


Lectures, homework, problem solving and computer exercises


Written examination (4 credits) and homework assignments (1 credit).

Reading list

Reading list

Applies from: week 01, 2015

  • Scales, John Theory of Seismic Imaging

    Colorado School of Mines, 1997