Internationally, within the EU and nationally, there are many laws for managing climate change and other environmental problems. Environmental law is very complex and dynamic and experts are requested both nationally and internationally. The Nordic Master Programme in Environmental Law gives you a competitive degree. You will study at three Nordic universities, all with specialist competence in environmental law.
Why this programme?
The programme provides knowledge in environmental law at three levels: internationally, within the EU and in the different Nordic countries. The goal is to create good conditions for those who are interested in legal work in the field of environment, nationally or internationally, but also for those who wish to study for a PhD in environmental law.
The programme gives you basic theoretical and methodological knowledge in environmental law. You acquire special legal knowledge and skills within two key environmental fields: (i) management of natural resources and the protection of biodiversity and (ii) climate change and energy transition.
You will study in three Nordic countries, first at Uppsala University in Sweden, then at the University of Eastern Finland in Joensuu, and finally at UiT The Arctic University of Norway in Tromsø. This gives you international experience within and alongside the education. Each university has its own cultural and social environment. The programme provides a financial contribution to travels between universities. Note that application to the programme is submitted to Uppsala University only.
It is a two-year programme with a range of courses. There is a strong research approach in the programme; almost all teachers have a PhD degree in law and, furthermore, students are expected to carry out their own investigations before seminars and to complete a Master's thesis (30 credits). Law students from all over the world can apply to the programme (see below for eligibility requirements). The group consists of a maximum of 25 students.
The programme leads to a joint degree from the three participating universities: Master of Legal Science (120 credits) (Uppsala University), Master of International and Comparative Law (University of Eastern Finland), Master of Laws (UiT The Arctic University of Norway).
The programme consists of three parts: (i) introduction to environmental law, (ii) in-depth studies within two environmental law areas and (iii) a further specialisation in a Master's thesis.
(i) The first part gives you a broad introductory course, focusing on the Role of Law in Environmental Policies (first semester, Uppsala). You will learn about the functions and potentials of different environmental legal instruments and principles, as well as how legislation and legal principles can counteract the implementation of environmental objectives and green growth. You will also learn how international and EU environmental law interact with national law. You will learn about the basic structures and challenges in environmental law of all Nordic states.
(ii) The second part of the programme (end of the first and the entire second and third semester) is a specialisation within two environmental legal areas, both being of fundamental importance from an international, EU and Nordic perspective. You take several courses, some of them in parallel. One of the areas is the law on management of natural resources, including the protection of biodiversity. A first introductory course (first semester, Uppsala), introduces you to the management of natural resources (forest, water, wind etc.) and the interest of conserving biodiversity, as stipulated in international law, EU law and the law of the Nordic states. In Joensuu (second semester), you take courses in international law and forests, international water law as well as in environmental impact assessment and World Trade Organization (WTO) law, in the context of natural resources. In Tromsø (third semester), you study international law and sustainable use of living marine natural resources, including the protection of biodiversity in marine harvesting, in areas within and beyond national jurisdiction, and offers case studies on national implementation.
The other specialisation area is climate change and energy law. The first course takes place in Joensuu (second semester) and provides a basic understanding of the climate change challenge and key legal mechanisms and policies related to climate change mitigation and adaptation. You will also take a course on international trade regimes under the WTO, which introduces the key WTO rules relating to climate change. Aspects of trade in renewable energy technologies and the relationship between the WTO and emissions trading systems are also included. In Tromsø (third semester), a course will provide advanced knowledge of the interdependence between climate and energy, including the implications of climate change law for the energy sector, renewable energy, emissions trading and carbon capture and storage. The course will also offer case studies from the Arctic.
(iii) During the third part of the programme (fourth semester), you will write a Master's thesis, based upon your in depth knowledge acquired in the courses on legal management of natural resources and protection of biodiversity, and climate and energy law. The thesis shall analyse a specific topic within one of these two areas. A supervisor will support your writing. During seminars, you will be advised in matters of legal methodology, structuring and writing skills. The final thesis is subject to opposition in a seminar at the end of the course. In order to be accepted to the fourth semester, the student must have completed 75 ECTS credits of the programme courses.
Courses within the programme
Semester 1: Introduction - The Role of Law in Environmental Policies (15 credits) and Law on Management of Natural Resources and Protection of Biodiversity (15 credits). Studies at Uppsala University, Sweden.
Semester 2: Climate Change Law and Policy (5 credits), WTO: Environment, Clean Energy and Natural Resources, Trade and Resources (5 credits), International Environmental Law II (5 credits), International Law and Forests (5 crdits), Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (5 credits) and International Water Law (5 credits). Studies at University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu.
Semester 3: Energy and Climate Change Law (15 credits) and Protection of the Marine Environment with Focus on Marine Living Resources Law (15 credits). Studies at UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø.
Semester 4: Master thesis in Environmental Law (30 credits). Seminars at the start, middle and end of the semester. No obligation for students to stay in Uppsala, Tromsø or Joensuu. Participation in the seminars is compulsory but most of them may be attended on video links.
The programme contains different teaching methods, such as lectures and seminars. The teaching methods vary according to the objectives of the different courses. The teaching is highly focused on problem solving, critical thinking and active student participation in form of preparation before seminars and oral and written performances at those. You often work in a group with other students. The seminars include analyses of court cases or constructed hypothetical cases, as well as made-up court cases with the students actively role playing.
The education is essentially theoretical, and almost all professors have a PhD degree. However, the plan is to engage as teachers also lawyers with practical experiences from courts, companies, authorities, interest groups, etc. Some of the courses will arrange study visits at companies, authorities, etc. If possible, practitioners will be involved as advisors (not supervisors or examiners) during the Master's thesis (part three). Examination of the courses is most often in the form of written exam, but also oral and written achievements in connection with seminars are assessed. The person responsible for a course is also responsible for its examination.
The teaching language is English throughout the entire programme.
The Joint Nordic Master Programme in Environmental Law is given the first time at the start of the autumn semester 2019 and it is therefore not possible to say for sure how a degree from the programme will be valued in the labour market (although the results from a minor inquiry in 2016, among possible employees in Sweden, was positive). It is clear, however, that environmental law is extensive and growing internationally, within the EU and nationally. Therefore, expertise in this complex legal field is requested, not least in connection with a sustainable management of natural resources and the protection of biodiversity and in the field of climate and energy law. Environmental law experts are needed at ministries, at state and municipal authorities, in courts, within the EU Commission, and the UN Environmental Program, as well as in companies, law firms, environmental organisations, etc. A degree from the Nordic environmental law program should then be very competitive. There is no other Master's programmes in the Nordic countries with the same focus.
This degree is very valuable if you apply for PhD studies in environmental law. Environmental law research is very active, not least in the Nordic countries. Universities require competent researchers and professors in the discipline. Having a degree in environmental law is also an important merit if you apply for another Master programme with environmental focus.
Since this is a joint Master's programme your Bachelor's degree needs to be approved by all participating universities according to the rules in each country. The programme will commence on condition that necessary decisions are made.
If you are not a citizen of a European Union (EU) or European Economic Area (EEA) country, or Switzerland, you are required to pay application and tuition fees. To apply for the programme there is an application fee of SEK 900. Tuition fee for the first semester at Uppsala University is SEK 50 000. The fees for the remaining semesters are set by the respective university.
Requirements: Academic requirements A Bachelor of Law or another equivalent university degree, corresponding to at least three years of full-time study (180 ECTS credits). The degree must be relevant to the programme and include at least 90 ECTS credits in legal science.
Language requirements IELTS 6.5 (min. 5.5 in writing)/TOEFL pBT 580 (min. 4.5 in writing)/TOEFL iBT: 90 (min. 20 in writing).
Students are selected based on:
a total appraisal of quantity and quality of previous university studies; and
a letter of motivation (1 page), including information on previous education, work and other experience.