Syllabus for Antenna Engineering



  • 5 credits
  • Course code: 1TE694
  • Education cycle: Second cycle
  • Main field(s) of study and in-depth level: Technology A1F, Physics A1F

    Explanation of codes

    The code indicates the education cycle and in-depth level of the course in relation to other courses within the same main field of study according to the requirements for general degrees:

    First cycle

    • G1N: has only upper-secondary level entry requirements
    • G1F: has less than 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • G1E: contains specially designed degree project for Higher Education Diploma
    • G2F: has at least 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • G2E: has at least 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements, contains degree project for Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science
    • GXX: in-depth level of the course cannot be classified

    Second cycle

    • A1N: has only first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • A1F: has second-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • A1E: contains degree project for Master of Arts/Master of Science (60 credits)
    • A2E: contains degree project for Master of Arts/Master of Science (120 credits)
    • AXX: in-depth level of the course cannot be classified

  • Grading system: Fail (U), Pass (3), Pass with credit (4), Pass with distinction (5)
  • Established: 2012-01-17
  • Established by:
  • Revised: 2018-08-30
  • Revised by: The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
  • Applies from: Autumn 2019
  • Entry requirements:

    120 credit points, including Electromagnetic field theory.

  • Responsible department: Department of Electrical Engineering

Learning outcomes

On completion of the course, the student should be able to:

  • calculate the fundamental parameters for antennas and the radiation field from an antenna using potential functions,
  • describe the radiation from isolated, linear wire antennas and from linear elements near or on a conducting surface,
  • account for circular loop antennas and apply the field equivalence principle to aperture antennas,
  • account for the most important properties of travelling wave antennas, broadband antennas and microstrip antennas and how to match an antenna to a transmission line,
  • account for the principles of antenna arrays, and use antenna synthesis in order to design arrays,
  • account for the basic methods for antenna measurements.


Definition of an antenna. The radiation mechanism. Fundamental parameters of antennas. Friis transmission equation and the radar range equation. Radiation integrals and auxiliary potential functions. Duality theorem. Reciprocity and reaction theorems. Linear wire antennas. Infinitesimal dipole, small dipole and half-wavelength dipole. Linear elements near or on infinite plane conductors. Circular loop antennas. Linear, planar and circular arrays. Self- and mutual impedances of linear elements. Antenna synthesis and integral equations. Matching techniques. Travelling wave and broadband antennas. Field equivalence principle. Rectangular and circular aperture antennas. Microstrip antennas. Antenna measurements.


Lectures, lessons and laboratory work.


Written examination at the end of the course (4 credits) and presentation of results from laboratory work (1 credit).

If there are special reasons for doing so, an examiner may make an exception from the method of assessment indicated and allow a student to be assessed by another method. An example of special reasons might be a certificate regarding special pedagogical support from the disability coordinator of the university.

Reading list

Reading list

Applies from: Autumn 2019

Some titles may be available electronically through the University library.

  • Balanis, Constantine A. Antenna theory : analysis and design

    3. ed.: Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, cop. 2005

    Find in the library