Syllabus for Molecular Infection Biology

Molekylärmedicinsk infektionsbiologi

A revised version of the syllabus is available.


  • 15 credits
  • Course code: 1BG323
  • Education cycle: Second cycle
  • Main field(s) of study and in-depth level: Biology A1N

    Explanation of codes

    The code indicates the education cycle and in-depth level of the course in relation to other courses within the same main field of study according to the requirements for general degrees:

    First cycle

    • G1N: has only upper-secondary level entry requirements
    • G1F: has less than 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • G1E: contains specially designed degree project for Higher Education Diploma
    • G2F: has at least 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • G2E: has at least 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements, contains degree project for Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science
    • GXX: in-depth level of the course cannot be classified

    Second cycle

    • A1N: has only first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • A1F: has second-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • A1E: contains degree project for Master of Arts/Master of Science (60 credits)
    • A2E: contains degree project for Master of Arts/Master of Science (120 credits)
    • AXX: in-depth level of the course cannot be classified

  • Grading system: Fail (U), Pass (3), Pass with credit (4), Pass with distinction (5)
  • Established: 2007-03-15
  • Established by: The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
  • Revised: 2009-04-21
  • Revised by: The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
  • Applies from: Autumn 2009
  • Entry requirements:

    120 credits including 60 credits biology and 30 credits chemistry.

  • Responsible department: Biology Education Centre

Learning outcomes

After the course, the student should be able to:

  • account for structure and function of infective viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi and what that distinguishes the different groups of infective organisms.
  • account for different sterilisation techniques and hygienic aspects of infection biology
  • describe a general infection process and name the main stages
  • account for the most important components of the human immune system and which parts that are important at different types of infections
  • describe the most common virulence factors of bacteria, viruses, parasites and worms and how they have evolved and how they can be transferred
  • account for the most common diagnostics and treatment methods within the infection biology and mechanisms for antibiotics resistance
  • work safe with infective microorganisms
  • analyse data in infection biology, draw conclusions from these and design testable hypotheses from the analysed data
  • critically analyse scientific work within the area
  • Content


    General infection biology: History, principles for classification of infective bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoans.

    Bacteriology: The fundamental structure of bacteria, especially structures important for pathogenicity and virulence. General properties for medical important bacterial infectious diseases. Importance of different virulence factors, e.g. . exotoxins, the endotoxin, secretion systems, the invasiveness, intracellular survival, antigenic variation and other mechanisms to avoid the immune system.

    Virology: Components and structures of virus particles and the basis for the classification of virus. The stages of a viral infection and biological differences between RNA and DNA virus. Main host defence against viral infections. The basis for diagnostics, immunoprophylaxis, drug treatment and drug resistance.

    Parasitology and mycology: General and specific properties of infective protozoans, worms and fungi. The climate's influence on the infection spectrum.

    Immunology: Natural barriers. Function of pathogen associated molecular patterns (BIGWIG) and Toll receptors. Inflammatory reactions. Complementary system. Innate immunity, dendritic cells, NK cells, antigen-presenting cells interferon. Connection to adaptive immune system. Adaptive the immune system, MHC, antibodies, T-cell receptors, super-antigen, T killer cells.

    Virulence factors: Main methods for identification of virulence factors (IVET, subtractive hybridisation, transposon mutagenesis and use of gene fusions). Chemotaxis and two-component systems. Different methods for binding, invasion of host cells, principles for intracellular survival, secretion, toxins and gene regulation. Transfer and evolution of virulence factors. Different theories of evolution of virulence.

    Diagnostics: Growth of microorganisms. The main types of microscopy use at analysis of infectious diseases. The basis for PCR, RT-PCR, immunofluorecsence, ELISA, FACS and Western blotting.

    Vaccination and phage therapy: Basic principles for vaccination. Socio-economic aspects on vaccination. Importance of adjuvant. New types of vaccine. The basis for phage therapy.

    Antibiotics and antibiotics resistance: Principles for antibiotics mechanisms. Definition of bacteriostatic and bactericidals. Mechanisms for origin of antibiotics resistance and its importance within the healthcare. Rational using antibiotics.

    Laboratory sessions

    - Studies of modes of action of antibiotics. Identification of resistent mutations.

    - Identification of unknown antimicrobial substance.

    - Studies of host parasite interactions. Toll receptors and bigwig.


    Reading and critical examination of current scientific articles within the infection biology. Teacher-supervised group discussions.


    The course includes lectures, seminars and laboratory work. Participation in seminars and practicals is mandatory.


    Participation in laboratory course and seminars compulsory (4 credits). Two written assignments are included: a detailed examination after half course (module 1, 5 credits) and an overall examination (module 2, 6 credits) at the end of the course. To pass the course requires passed compulsory parts and passed results of both the examinations.

    Other directives

    May be credited in a degree together with the course 1BL178 Molecular Infection Biology NV1, 7.5 credits, that in all 21 credits.

    Reading list

    Reading list

    Applies from: Autumn 2009

    Some titles may be available electronically through the University library.

    • Murray, Patrick R.; Rosenthal, Kenneth S.; Pfaller, Michael A. Medical microbiology

      5. ed.: St. Louis: Mosby, cop. 2005

      Find in the library