Syllabus for Quantum Physics


A revised version of the syllabus is available.


  • 10 credits
  • Course code: 1FA521
  • Education cycle: First cycle
  • Main field(s) of study and in-depth level: Physics G2F

    Explanation of codes

    The code indicates the education cycle and in-depth level of the course in relation to other courses within the same main field of study according to the requirements for general degrees:

    First cycle

    • G1N: has only upper-secondary level entry requirements
    • G1F: has less than 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • G1E: contains specially designed degree project for Higher Education Diploma
    • G2F: has at least 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • G2E: has at least 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements, contains degree project for Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science
    • GXX: in-depth level of the course cannot be classified

    Second cycle

    • A1N: has only first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • A1F: has second-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • A1E: contains degree project for Master of Arts/Master of Science (60 credits)
    • A2E: contains degree project for Master of Arts/Master of Science (120 credits)
    • AXX: in-depth level of the course cannot be classified

  • Grading system: Fail (U), Pass (3), Pass with credit (4), Pass with distinction (5)
  • Established: 2008-03-13
  • Established by:
  • Revised: 2018-08-30
  • Revised by: The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
  • Applies from: Autumn 2019
  • Entry requirements:

    Linear Algebra II, Single Variable Calculus, Several Variable Calculus, Transform Methods, Mechanics II/KF, Electromagnetism I, Waves and Optics, Mathematical Methods of Physics or equivalent.

  • Responsible department: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Learning outcomes

The course treats concepts and working methods that are used within modern physics, in particular the physics of electrons in materials.

On completion of the course, the student should be able to:

  • use with the language of basic quantum mechanics and formalism.
  • carry out calculations of atoms and molecules and describe quantum phenomenon within the electron physics from quantum mechanical relations.
  • carry out spectroscopic studies of different subjects and interpret the results in quantized units.
  • report on applications of quantum physics in nature, technical developments and society.
  • orally present the results of experimental investigations and discuss their quantum mechanical interpretation.


The basic phenomena of the quantum physics and experimental background, particles and atomic models. Black-body radiation, line spectra, the photon, photoelectric effect, Compton-dispersion. Bohr's atomic model.

One-dimensional systems: The eigenvalue problem, stationary states, expectation values, operators. Particle in a box, the harmonic oscillator, transmission and reflection. Heisenberg's uncertainty relations.

Three-dimensional systems. Orbital angular momentum and central motion.

One-electron atoms: The Schrödinger equation, energy eigenvalues wave functions, energy level diagram. Optical spectroscopy on the hydrogen atom.

Basic perturbation theory, variational theory.

Many-electron atoms: Spin. Addition of angular moments. Identical particles. The Pauli exclusion principle, The central field approximation. Zeeman effect, electron configurations, periodic system, spin-orbit coupling, terms, fine structure levels. Spectroscopies.

Fermions and bosons.

Diatomic molecules: Binding, molecular potentials, electron configurations. Energy level diagrams. Vibrational and rotational motions and transitions.

Applications of quantum physics in nature, technical developments and society, for example the quantum mechanical origin of the earth's temperature, tunnel diodes and atomic magnetism.

Interpretations of quantum mechanics.

Laboratory work: Photoelectric effect. Optical spectroscopy. X-ray spectra (fluorescence, element analysis).


Lectures, lesson, experimental and computer-based laboratory sessions. Guest lecture. Teaching may sometimes be given in English.


Written examination at the end of the course (9 credits) and mid-course examination. Passing the mid-course examination gives bonus points that can be used on the final exam and the regular re-exams. To pass the course, a passed laboratory course is also required with an oral presentation in English (1 credit).

If there are special reasons for doing so, an examiner may make an exception from the method of assessment indicated and allow a student to be assessed by another method. An example of special reasons might be a certificate regarding special pedagogical support from the disability coordinator of the university.

Reading list

Reading list

Applies from: Autumn 2019

Some titles may be available electronically through the University library.