Syllabus for Safety and Security in Control Systems

Säkerhet i reglersystem

A revised version of the syllabus is available.

  • 5 credits
  • Course code: 1RT004
  • Education cycle: Second cycle
  • Main field(s) of study and in-depth level: Computer Science A1N, Technology A1N, Embedded Systems A1N

    Explanation of codes

    The code indicates the education cycle and in-depth level of the course in relation to other courses within the same main field of study according to the requirements for general degrees:

    First cycle

    • G1N: has only upper-secondary level entry requirements
    • G1F: has less than 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • G1E: contains specially designed degree project for Higher Education Diploma
    • G2F: has at least 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • G2E: has at least 60 credits in first-cycle course/s as entry requirements, contains degree project for Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science
    • GXX: in-depth level of the course cannot be classified

    Second cycle

    • A1N: has only first-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • A1F: has second-cycle course/s as entry requirements
    • A1E: contains degree project for Master of Arts/Master of Science (60 credits)
    • A2E: contains degree project for Master of Arts/Master of Science (120 credits)
    • AXX: in-depth level of the course cannot be classified

  • Grading system: Fail (U), Pass (3), Pass with credit (4), Pass with distinction (5)
  • Established: 2021-03-02
  • Established by: The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
  • Applies from: Autumn 2021
  • Entry requirements:

    120 credits including 60 credits in science/engineering, whereof 20 credits in mathematics, and one of the courses Automatic Control I or Introduction to Computer Control Systems. Proficiency in English equivalent to the Swedish upper secondary course English 6.

  • Responsible department: Department of Information Technology

Learning outcomes

The main goal of the course is to introduce the students to safety and security aspects of modern control systems arising due to their digital and networked implementation. The main course body consists of basic concepts, approaches to and methods of modeling, analysis, and detection of faults and attacks in control systems.

On completion of the course, the student should be able to:

  • explain the basic principles of safety and security in safety- and mission-critical control systems;
  • explain the notion of risk, and describe the main parts of risk management through system design;
  • evaluate control performance under different fault models;
  • model and analyze the stability and performance of digital control and control over communication networks;
  • design and evaluate observer-based fault detection filters for additive and multiplicative faults;
  • analyse the detectability limitations of fault detection filters for specific classes of fault and cyber-attacks;
  • motivate what security mechanisms are appropriate for different classes of cyber-attacks.
  • evaluate the risk of different threat scenarios, and the effectiveness of safety and security mechanisms, in a real process.


The main topics covered in the course are:

  • Safety and security in networked control systems.
  • Control performance monitoring and control under fault.
  • Fault detection and isolation.
  • Cyber-attacks and security mechanisms in control systems. 

Course content:

Mathematical description of linear systems in continuous and discrete time in the presence of communication networks, faults, and attacks. Networked control systems. Sampled-data systems. Control performance monitoring. Fault detection and isolation though model-based and data-driven methods. Cyber-security in control systems and typical attack examples and scenarios. Safety and security risk management. Security mechanisms.


Lectures, exercise sessions, homework and lab assignments, and a small project assignment.


Assignments, laboratory work and mini project.

If there are special reasons for doing so, an examiner may make an exception from the method of assessment indicated and allow a student to be assessed by another method. An example of special reasons might be a certificate regarding special pedagogical support from the disability coordinator of the university.

Syllabus Revisions

Reading list

The reading list is missing. For further information, please contact the responsible department.