Syllabus for Quantum Physics

Kvantfysik

Syllabus

  • 10 credits
  • Course code: 1FA521
  • Education cycle: First cycle
  • Main field(s) of study and in-depth level: Physics G2F
  • Grading system: Fail (U), Pass (3), Pass with credit (4), Pass with distinction (5)
  • Established: 2008-03-13
  • Established by:
  • Revised: 2020-01-21
  • Revised by: The Faculty Board of Science and Technology
  • Applies from: week 30, 2020
  • Entry requirements: Transform Methods, Mechanics II/KF, Electromagnetism I, Waves and Optics and Mathematical Methods of Physics that can be taken simultaneously. Knowledge in special relativity (from e.g. Mechanics III or Astrophysics I).
  • Responsible department: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Learning outcomes



On completion of the course, the student should be able to:

  • account for the concepts, language and formalism of basic quantum mechanics.
  • do basic theoretical studies and calculations for quantum systems using the Schrödinger equation.
  • calculate basic properties of atoms and molecules and electron physics using quantum physics.
  • carry out spectroscopic studies of different elements and interpret the results.
  • describe the importance of quantum physics in nature, engineering and society.
  • orally present the results of experimental investigations and discuss their quantum mechanical interpretation.

Content


The experimental background of quantum physics, particles and atomic models, the photon, the photoelectric effect, Compton scattering the double slit experiment, black body radiation, the spectrum of hydrogen-like atoms. The correspondence principle. Wave-particle duality, probabilities, wave functions, the Schrödinger equation, wave packets. Expectation values, operators, uncertainty relations. Dirac formalism.

One-dimensional systems, stationary states, the infinite square well, the harmonic oscillator, transmission, tunneling and reflection. Three-dimensional systems, the hydrogen atom and one-electron atoms, angular momentum and central motion, transitions, energy level diagrams the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. Time-independent perturbation theory, the variational principle. Many-electron atoms. Spin, addition of angular momentum, identical particles, fermions and bosons, the Pauli principle, electron configurations, the Zeeman effect, spin-orbit coupling, the central field approximation, screening, fine structure, the periodic system, optical transitions and X-rays, spectroscopy.

Diatomic molecules: binding, vibrational and rotational motion, transitions.
The importance of quantum physics for science, engineering and society.

Instruction

Lectures, exercise classes and, laboratory experiments. Guest lecture. The course makes use of subject integrated communication training with feedback and self evaluation.

Assessment

Written examination at the end of the course (9 credits) and hand-in problems. The hand-in problems can give bonus points that can be used on the final exam and the regular re-exams. Laboratory exercises with an oral presentation (1 credit).

If there are special reasons for doing so, an examiner may make an exception from the method of assessment indicated and allow a student to be assessed by another method. An example of special reasons might be a certificate regarding special pedagogical support from the disability coordinator of the university.

Reading list

Reading list

Applies from: week 30, 2020

Some titles may be available electronically through the University library.

  • Griffiths, David J.; Schroeter, Darrell F. Introduction to quantum mechanics

    Third edition.: Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2018

    Find in the library

    Mandatory

  • Tipler, P.A.; Llewellyn, R.A. Modern Physics

    5th ed.: W.H. Freeman,

    Find in the library

  • Gasiorowicz, S. Quantum Physics

    3rd ed.: J. Wiley Intern.,

    Find in the library