After the completion of the course, the student should be able to:
Describe the key physical and chemical properties of snow cover
Explain the role played by snow cover in the energy balance of the Earth
Demonstrate how runoff predictions can be derived from snow measurements
Apply some remote sensing techniques to characterise snow cover properties
Discuss the importance of snow as an environment for life
Snow is a key part of the Earth's climate system, and plays important roles as a water resource, an environment for life, a medium for chemical exchanges between the surface and atmosphere, and sometimes a potential hazard. This course offers an introduction to various aspects of the science of snow, including snow physics and chemistry, snow climatology and surface energy balance, snow hydrology, remote sensing of snow cover, snow cover pollution, and the ecology of snow-covered environments.
Lectures, practical exercises and a project.
Evaluation of the course is based on participation in the practical exercises (3 credits), a written report (3 credits) and a written exam (4 credits).