Geophysics - Master's Programme in Physics

Academic year 2023/2024

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In the Geophysics specialisation of the Master's Programme in Physics you explore how planet Earth works. Earth is a living planet, which is formed by active processes. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are examples of how these dynamic processes affect both the Earth's surface as well as everything living on it. In geophysics we use physics in various ways to image the inside of Earth and to build models that help us understand this dynamic Earth.

Why this programme?

How does planet Earth work and how can we explore the processes that form our planet? In geophysics, we use tools and methods from physics to explore the Earth. Our geophysics education allows you to combine your physics knowledge with field data and laboratory experiments to get a deeper understanding of the solid Earth. Our students and faculty form a diverse, international group that works in close collaboration with researchers around the world.

During the programme you can expect to

  • Learn about the physical processes that shape our planet.
  • Study seismic waves, earthquakes and other active processes.
  • Apply geophysical methods to find natural resources such as water, minerals and reservoirs of geothermal energy.
  • Tailor your programme according to your interest and career plan, by studying other disciplines such as programming, geology, physics, and mathematics.

In geophysics, we investigate the structure and dynamics of Earth on scales from a few meters to thousands of kilometres. On smaller scales geophysics is used to detect groundwater resources and soil contaminations, to evaluate risks for landslides or to discover archaeological artefacts. On larger scales, geophysical methods are applied to understand the present-day structure of Earth, its previous and current evolution (plate tectonics), earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

Through geophysical methods, we measure seismic waves, electromagnetic waves, electromagnetic waves, gravity and magnetic fields, using satellite, aircraft, boat, surface and borehole instruments. In the analysis of these data, we use advanced numerical modelling and interpret the resulting models geologically using rock physics.

The job-market for a geophysicist is very broad and international, including positions in academia, industry, government authorities and international agencies.

Student profile

You are naturally curious about how the world works and realise that formulating a question can be just as important as finding the answer. You have a good theoretical foundation in both physics and mathematics. Furthermore, you have experience in analysing data and creating computer-based tools to solve problems.

A PhD education is a distinct possibility in your future. A Master's degree in geophysics from Uppsala University is exactly what takes you there, because you come in close contact with current research and prominent researchers in the field.


The programme leads to a Master of Science (120 credits) with Physics as the main field of study. After one year of study, it may also be possible to obtain a Master of Science (60 credits).

All specialisations of this programme

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Read the interview
Bild på student

Name: Erina Prastyani
From: Indonesia

Why did you choose this programme, specialising in geophysics?
I chose a programme specialising in geophysics because it covers a wide range of earth-science research topics. There are so many interesting geophysics research topics to study, from applied geophysics, and computational geophysics, to rock physics, and I have a desire to explore more of these.  

What is most interesting about geophysics?
There are still a lot of things about our planet that remain unclear, especially in the earth's subsurface. What makes geophysics both important and interesting is that scientists do not need to go inside the earth to study its subsurface. Geophysics allows us to study the earth as well as what’s inside by using geophysics tools. Geophysical methods, such as seismology, make exploring the unexplored part of the earth possible. 

Tell us about the programme!
The Master’s programme in Physics, specialising in Geophysics at Uppsala University offers an opportunity for students to have both laboratory and fieldwork experience. The syllabus covers a broad range of geophysics, from theoretical to practical. It also gives the students a chance to learn the inversion method, which is fundamental in computational geophysics. I am also learning coding in my studies, which is essential for modelling and analysing geophysical data. In my final semester, I get a chance to study the seismic properties of “shocked” minerals from the meteorite impact crater.  

What do you like the most about the programme?
I like that it combines theoretical and practical knowledge, which means that I do not only get the theory but also a chance to do a geophysicist’s real work, such as working in the field, and acquiring and analysing data in the lab. Another thing I like about studying here is that every teacher is an expert in their field of geophysics. All of them are humble and kind to share their knowledge with their students and they take time to answer the students’ curious questions. 

What is the atmosphere in the programme?
The atmosphere is pleasant and friendly. Also, several times I have had courses with students from different programmes which has allowed me to get to know new students and exchange knowledge about what we are currently studying. There are also student nations where students in Uppsala can get to know each other and socialise.  

What is the job market after graduating?
The job prospects for geophysics graduates are good. You can choose if you want to continue your studies and work in a research or academic institution or work in the industry. Several companies offer internships to graduate students in geophysics or a Graduate Trainee Programme within their companies. There are always opportunities for geophysics graduates to expand their knowledge and skills after they finish their studies.

Three quick questions
How do you like Uppsala as a city?
For me, Uppsala is a quiet city that is very suitable for students to come here and study. Another thing I like is the people. Even though they do not know me and I do not know them, they do not hesitate to smile and greet me first, when we pass each other on the street.  

Do you have any good tips for new students?
Be open-minded and ready to learn and adapt. When we study in a country outside our home country, it often gets difficult to adapt to a new environment.

What do you hope to do in 5 years?
In 5 years, I hope that I have finished my doctoral degree and started contributing to science by working as a geoscientist in a research institution and teaching geophysics to college students. 

Spring 2022.

Read interviews with our alumni Julia who works as a Geophysicist and Oskar who is a PhD student.

Register your interest


During the two-year programme, you will apply your knowledge in physics to study the Earth. You will learn how the different physical properties of Earth can be investigated with different types of methods. Some courses focus more on the physics of the Earth's interior and its processes, other courses treat geophysical methods to probe the Earth's interior and how these can be applied to solve questions of societal relevance, such as renewable energy resources, sustainable extraction of minerals and a safe supply of fresh water.

You learn to analyse geophysical data in courses that treat time-series analysis, numerical modelling and inversion theory. Here, we describe a standard setup of courses. However, you can exchange some courses in geophysics for courses in programming, geology, physics and mathematics.

Year 1

The first year gives you a solid background in theoretical and practical geophysics. The first semester is partly utilised to level out the differences in knowledge between students with different backgrounds and partly to provide non-introductory courses in classical physics.

The course "Applied and Environmental Geophysics" covers the main geophysical methods that we use to describe the near-surface in terms of its physical properties. We also make geophysical measurements in the field. Some of these methods may also be used to address much larger scale structures, such as crustal-scale features like mountain chains.

This is followed by the course "Global Geophysics" that describes some of the physics of the dynamic processes that shape Earth, but also on how the global-scale features of Earth are manifested in geophysical data. The course "Time Series Analysis of Geophysical Data" provides you with some of the most important tools we use in geophysical methods. "Continuum Mechanics in Geophysics" focuses on the physics that describes mechanical processes in the Earth.

The second semester starts with the course "Seismology" that describes the generation and propagation of seismic waves in the Earth and how seismology may be used to describe the Earth's structure. You study the relationship between different physical properties of minerals and rocks in the "Physical Properties of Rocks". In the course "The Earth's Potential Fields", you learn to analyse measurements of the Earth's magnetic and gravitational fields. The course "Inversion of Geophysical Data" teaches you how to obtain models of Earth based on available geophysical data, and how to estimate the robustness of these models.

Year 2

In the second year, the courses are closely connected to present-day research.

It starts with "Electromagnetic Geophysics", where you learn to use different electromagnetic methods to detect, for instance, ore deposits and saltwater intrusions. The course "Applications of Geodynamics" teaches you how to obtain numerical solutions to solve different geodynamic problems.

In the advanced course "Applied Earthquake Seismology", you learn how to locate earthquakes and analyse radiation patterns of the associated seismic waves based on seismograms. In "Reflection Seismology", you study various processing schemes to provide detailed structural images of the Earth from reflection seismic data.

The obligatory independent project work (degree project) is performed either during the last semester or during the whole last year in parallel with other courses. It usually takes 5 months full-time. This can be done in one of our research groups, focusing on different aspects of geophysics. Another possibility is to seek degree projects outside the university, e.g. at a company or governmental agency. It all depends on your interest and career plan.

Courses within the programme

See the outline for courses within the specialisation.

Learning experience

Instruction consists of lectures, teacher-supervised tuition, and guidance in conjunction with laboratory work. The programme takes place in Uppsala.

During a typical week you will have about 8-10 hours of scheduled classroom time. The majority of time is thus spent studying on your own or in a study group outside the classroom. You can also choose to conduct research projects. They are a lot like thesis work, only shorter in duration, and are an excellent way into a new research field and research group.

The forms of examination vary depending on the course content and design. Final exams are more common for theoretical courses, although many tutors have continuous examination during the course, such as group discussions and hand-in exercises.

Classes are typically small, ranging from a few students up to about 20. This gives you close contact with the teachers as well as your fellow students. Our teaching is in English as the student group is international.

Study abroad

If you would like to study abroad, we can offer exchange programs with other universities around globe. We can help you to find suitable courses that fit your interests.


A geophysicist's job market is very broad and international, including jobs in industry, academia, public organs and international organisations at various levels.

With a Master's degree from the programme in Geophysics, you will be qualified for PhD studies in geophysics. Many of our physics Master's students continue as PhD students, at Uppsala University or elsewhere in the world. You will also have the opportunity to work with research and development (R&D) at various companies and public authorities.

Your mathematical competence and analytical problem-solving skills trained during your studies will make you an attractive recruit. Our previous graduates work at, for example, various exploration companies, geotechnical companies, mining companies and governmental institutions.

Depending on the courses you take and the specialisation you choose, there are many career opportunities in special areas, both within and outside the field of geophysics. For example, you may find employment as a company consultant, project manager in R&D, or as a specialist in banking, insurance or research organisations.

Career support

During your time as a student, UU Careers offers support and guidance. You have the opportunity to take part in a variety of activities and events that will prepare you for your future career. Learn more about UU Careers.


Below you will find details about eligibility requirements, selection criteria and tuition fees. For information on how to apply and what general documents you need to submit, check the application guide. Besides the general supporting documents, you also need to submit one programme-specific document: a statement of purpose (1 page).

Please verify that you have enough physics courses to meet the formal requirements (see below).


120 credits

Autumn 2023, 100%, Campus

Location: Uppsala

Application deadline: 16 January 2023

Application code: UU-M1362 Application

Language of instruction: English


Academic requirements

A Bachelor's degree, equivalent to a Swedish Kandidatexamen, from an internationally recognised university.

Also required is 75 credits in physics.

Language requirements

Proficiency in English equivalent to the Swedish upper secondary course English 6. This requirement can be met either by achieving the required score on an internationally recognised test, or by previous upper secondary or university studies in some countries. Detailed instructions on how to provide evidence of your English proficiency are available at

Selection: Students are selected based on:

  • an overall appraisal of previous university studies; and
  • a statement of purpose.


If you are not a citizen of a European Union (EU) or European Economic Area (EEA) country, or Switzerland, you are required to pay application and tuition fees. Fees cover application and tuition only and do not cover accommodation, academic literature or the general cost of living. Read more about fees.

Application fee: SEK 900

Tuition fee, first semester: SEK 72,500

Tuition fee, total: SEK 290,000

Contact and further resources

Is this programme right for you?


For programme-specific information, please contact our study counsellor:

+46 18 471 59 91

Study counsellor for Specialisation in geophysics

+46 18 471 2507

Department of Physics and Astronomy

Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1

Box 516, 751 20 UPPSALA

Last modified: 2022-10-27