Long term effects of school closures on student achievement and university attendance in Sweden

Time period: 2017-01-01 to 2018-12-31

Funder: Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU)

Type of award: Project grant

Total fundning: 963 000 SEK

Given the prevalence of school closures in Sweden and abroad, understanding their effects on student achievement and future career chances is crucial for policymakers. However, so far only the effects of school closures on the displaced students have been studied. Little is known about the long term effects on subsequent cohort of student who never experienced the disruption of the move. The aim of this project is therefore to investigate the long term effects of school closures in Sweden on student achievement and university attendance 1990-2014 using a quasi-experimental study. The performance of students who graduated from a closed Swedish secondary school are compared with the outcomes of their younger siblings who were expected to attend the same school but as a result of the closure attended another school. To control for time-specific trends such as grade inflation, the achievement differentials among the sibling pairs of interests are compared with similar sibling pairs in terms of family/school characteristics and time of graduation, that were not affected by closures.