A feasibility study of implementing a sustainable and culturally tailored parenting program, using a process evaluation

Time period: 2019-12-01 to 2020-11-30

Project leader: Fatumo Osman

Other personnel: Raziye Salari, Ulla-Karin Schön

Funder: Forte

Type of award: Unclassified

Total fundning: 973 000 SEK

Sweden has received the highest numbers of asylum applicants per million inhabitants in Europe for the past two decades. Being a refugee, war experiences and social exclusion involve a greater risk of physical and mental health problems in parents and children. There are challenges in the new life situation and in the parenting role when refugees come to a new country. In a completed randomized controlled trial (RCT), targeted Somali refugee families living in Sweden showed that a culturally sensitive parenting program, called Ladnaan, improved children and parents mental health, two months after the intervention compared to the control group. A success factor in Ladnaan project was the collaboration with various actors of the municipalities and with civil society. Today, there is limited knowledge about how a culturally tailored parenting support program (Ladnaan) can be implemented for long-term use with families who need support the most and to deliver the program through the municipality and civil society. The current application concerns a study that aims to examine the contextual factors that can promote such a long-term and sustainable implementation. The planned project will employ the Normalization Process Theory (NPT) which considers how a new way of working and acting can be integrated into regular practice. The NPT toolkit will be used to identify contextual factors that facilitate and hinder the implementation and integration of the Ladnaan program in the municipality and civil society. Individual qualitative interviews will also be completed with senior managers, frontline managers, social workers, and internal facilitators drawn from social services. The findings from the questionnaire and interviews will be used to develop implementation strategies and a model that can be used when scaling up and implementing a sustainable and culturally sensitive parenting support program for immigrant and refugee parents.