Från fredsförhandlingar till varaktig fred: rättvisans många roller

Tidsperiod: 2013-01-01 till 2015-12-31

Projektledare: Cecilia Albin

Finansiär: Vetenskapsrådet

Bidragstyp: Projektbidrag

Budget: 3 420 000 SEK

The project aims to advance knowledge about how civil war negotiations can be conducted and peace agreements formulated so as to contribute to durable peace. The focus is on the multiple roles played by distributive justice (DJ) and procedural justice (PJ). Among the key purposes are to explore a) whether adhering to PJ when negotiating and whether basing peace agreements on DJ contribute to durable peace, and b) whether the impact of adhering to justice principles on durable peace differs in democratic vs. non-democratic societies and in less vs. more difficult conflict environments. A multidimensional measurement of "durable peace" is developed.A combination of quantitative and qualitative research methods will be used. Statistical analyses will be performed of a sample of cases drawn from the UN Peacemaker data bank. The wide variety of cases included will bolster arguments for generality of the findings. Qualitative focused comparisons will be performed of a set of cases matched on the justice variables and controlling for the effects of the conflict environment. These analyses will bolster arguments for causality. Attaining durable peace after civil war has become a major challenge. Many negotiated settlements relapse into violence. Justice issues typically play a central role but remain poorly understood. The results from the above analyses will contribute new insights about the impact of justice on durable peace, and about effective negotiation practices.