The Master's Programme in International Investment Treaty Arbitration is a one-year full-time postgraduate programme. The purpose of the programme is to give you advanced and detailed knowledge of international arbitration concerning disputes between investors and host States.
The Faculty of Law at Uppsala University is the oldest law department in Sweden with one of Scandinavia's most popular education programmes. Our model of teaching is based on a foundation of high quality of research carried out at the faculty and extensive international cooperation with other universities.
Why this programme?
The field of Investment Treaty Arbitration has grown exponentially during the last few years and continues to do so. Lawyers with special knowledge in investment law and arbitration are needed in many different organisations, including law firms, governments, banks, large companies, the European Union and NGOs.
After successfully completing the programme, you will have:
advanced and detailed knowledge of public international law and international investment treaty arbitration
advanced and detailed knowledge of relevant arbitral jurisprudence and legal doctrine
in-depth knowledge of the analytical, scientific and methodological foundations of investment treaty arbitration
the ability to structure and present - orally and in written form - complex scientific problems to a well-informed audience
During the programme you can expect to:
discuss and analyse the basic principles and rules of international arbitration.
learn how to protect foreign investments under international law.
study key concepts such as expropriation, fair and equitable treatment, state responsibility and attribution.
You will also be studying at Sweden's oldest university and at a faculty that has a history spanning more than 500 years.
Student profile You have a Bachelor's degree in Law and an interest in international economic and commercial transactions including investments and trade. You may have some practical experience working after earning your Bachelor's degree but not so long so you have forgotten your broad theoretical base and study techniques.
You are extremely motivated and have confidence in your own ability and knowledge . You are therefore prepared for a demanding education that will require both self-determination and an ability to contribute to team work with fellow students. How successful you become will be up to you and that is how you like it.
A future PhD education is a possibility you may have thought about, but working right after graduation is also something you are considering. You like to keep your options open for now and would therefore value an education that gets you in close contact both with current research and practitioners in the field.
The programme leads to a Master of Laws (60 credits) LLM with Legal Science as the main field of study.
Module 1: The first module gives you a general introduction to international arbitration. This module covers all the basic principles and rules of international arbitration. You will discuss and analyse, among other things, the arbitration agreement, the appointment of arbitrators, procedural issues, applicable law and enforcement of arbitral awards.
Module 2: The second module will focus on the protection of foreign investments under international law. This will be done on the basis of treaty law - i.e. bilateral and multilateral investment protection treaties - as well as customary international law. One important aspect of this module is treaty interpretation based on the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.
Module 3-4: The third module will address procedural issues in connection with investment treaty arbitration. The focus will be on jurisdictional issues - e.g. the applicability of MFN clauses to procedural issues - confidentiality and transparency, immunity, and enforcement of investment awards.
The fourth module is the preparation of a thesis, the topic of which you will select together with the course director.
Teaching is based on the problem-based methodology. As a consequence there are very few lectures, and instead you will partake in different forms of seminars. At the seminars problems are discussed and analysed, as well as possible solutions to problems. You and your classmates will be divided into smaller groups which are expected to meet and prepare for each classroom session.
The problem-based teaching method is founded on active student participation. Therefore, it is compulsory for you to attend every session. You will be required to produce one or several papers during the courses. At the end of each course there will be a written examination.
In parallel with modules three and four you will participate in a "moot arbitration", organised by and under the supervision of the course director. The moot will start in January and finish towards the end of May with a final oral hearing. You and your classmates will be divided into teams with different tasks, such as writing briefs, expert opinions and other submissions.
The language of instruction is English and the programme director is Professor Kaj Hobér.
Faculty and research Many of the faculty members are leading or active members of networks and working groups within the EU and participate in high-level international research projects. Regular contact is also maintained with researchers from other national universities and colleges as well as with colleagues from other disciplines and with the business world.
Research in Uppsala is not only pursued in the traditional legal topics but also in a number of newer special fields, of which many are at the highest level both in and outside Sweden.
During the last decade we have seen an explosion of investment treaty arbitrations. With almost 3000 bilateral investment protection treaties and two major multilateral investment protection treaties, there is every reason to assume that this development will continue. In addition the EU will become more and more involved in investment protection matters, including investment treaty arbitration.
This means there will be a growing demand for lawyers with in-depth knowledge of international investment law. Almost every kind of participant in international investment and trade will require lawyers with such knowledge, including law firms, government agencies, banks, corporation and NGOs.
This programme, which is the first of its kind, is well positioned to fulfil this demand.
Career support When you are about to finish your studies and want to start planning for your next step in life, you are welcome to UU Careers for support and guidance. You are also welcome to a variety of career activities and events all through your stay at Uppsala University. Of course, the services are free of charge. Learn more about UU career support.
Requirements: Academic requirements A Bachelor's degree, equivalent to a Swedish Kandidatexamen, from an internationally recognised university. The main field of study must be Law or Legal Science.
Language requirements All applicants need to verify English language proficiency that corresponds to English studies at upper secondary (high school) level in Sweden ("English 6"). This can be done in a number of ways, including through an internationally recognised test such as TOEFL or IELTS, or through previous upper secondary (high school) or university studies. The minimum test scores are:
IELTS: an overall mark of 6.5 and no section below 5.5
TOEFL: Paper-based: Score of 4.5 (scale 1–6) in written test and a total score of 575. Internet-based: Score of 20 (scale 0–30) in written test and a total score of 90
a total appraisal of quantity and quality of previous university studies;
a statement of purpose; and
two letters of recommendation.
If you are not a citizen of a European Union (EU) or European Economic Area (EEA) country, or Switzerland, you are required to pay application and tuition fees. Fees cover application and tuition only and do not cover accommodation, academic literature or the general cost of living. Read more about fees.