Principles of Thermodynamics

5 credits

Syllabus, Bachelor's level, 1KB009

Education cycle
First cycle
Main field(s) of study and in-depth level
Chemistry G1F, Technology G1F
Grading system
Fail (U), Pass (3), Pass with credit (4), Pass with distinction (5)
Finalised by
The Faculty Board of Science and Technology, 12 October 2021
Responsible department
Department of Chemistry - Ångström

Entry requirements

20 credits in chemistry including Chemical Principles I/Basic Chemistry 10 credits or The Basic Principles of Chemistry 15 credits, as well as Basic Course in Mathematics 5 credits. Participation in Single Variable Calculus 10 credits and Physics for Chemists 5 credits.

Learning outcomes

On completion of the course, the student should be able to:

  • discuss the consequences of the main laws of thermodynamic as well as the connection between intermolecular interactions and changes of state
  • calculate the change in thermodynamic quantities for different cases of changes of state both within a phase and during phase transitions
  • carry out thermodynamic calculations on different types of mixtures as well as reaction and phase equilibria, and interpret the results
  • use simpler arguments about how statistical considerations at the molecular level are connected with thermodynamic properties for a macroscopic system
  • document laboratory work in laboratory notebooks , plan and carry out laboratory work in a correct way and present the results in a report
  • give examples how the course content has importance for people and the environment


The laws of thermodynamics; enthalpy, entropy, internal energy, free energy, chemical potential, phase equilibria; mixtures, solutions, colligative properties and chemical reaction equilibria, Boltzmann's distribution. Laboratory methodology.


Lectures, problem-solving sessions, laboratory practicals and project/assignment.


Written examinations are organised at the end of the course and correspond to 3 cr. Laboratory sessions and projects/assignments correspond 2 to cr. Pass grade in all course components must be passed in order to receive a pass grade for the course. The final grade corresponds to a weighted sum of the results of the written examination and the laboratory sessions.

If there are special reasons for doing so, an examiner may make an exception from the method of assessment indicated and allow a student to be assessed by another method. An example of special reasons might be a certificate regarding special pedagogical support from the disability coordinator of the university.