Fluid Mechanics

5 credits

Syllabus, Bachelor's level, 1TV024

Education cycle
First cycle
Main field(s) of study and in-depth level
Earth Science G1F, Physics G1F, Technology G1F
Grading system
Fail (U), Pass (3), Pass with credit (4), Pass with distinction (5)
Finalised by
The Faculty Board of Science and Technology, 14 October 2021
Responsible department
Department of Earth Sciences

Entry requirements

Mechanics Basic Course and participation in Scientific Computing, 5 credits.

Learning outcomes

On completion of the course, the student should be able to:

  • compute fluid pressure on immersed surfaces
  • visualise the flow pattern in the Eulerian approach
  • use the control volume concept to derive simplified one-dimensional forms of the conservation equations of mass, momentum, and energy.
  • compute convective and local acceleration and apply the Bernoulli equation to solve for the pressure and velocity distribution in a flow field.
  • apply the concept of the momentum and moment of momentum equations to determine components of forces acting on fluid jets, nozzles, vanes and pipes
  • apply of the energy equation to determine viscous losses, power required by a pump to lift a fluid mass to a certain height, or power delivered by a turbine due to a drop in elevation.
  • use the concepts of laminar and turbulent flow, calculate velocity distribution, and discharge through circular pipes with joints and in natural and lined open channels in a steady flow field
  • solve problems concerning varied flow in open channels using the concept of specific energy.


Physical properties of fluids and gases, equilibrium of fluids (hydrostatics), conservation principles in continuum mechanics, the control volume concept, Eulerian and Lagrangian methods, energy, momentum, and continuity equations, Euler and Bernoulli equations, relation between stress and strain rate, differential analysis of fluid motion, similarity analysis, laminar and turbulent flow, boundary layers, uniform and non-uniform flows in open and closed systems (flow in pipes). Demonstration: 1. Energy distribution and losses in a closed hydraulic system 2. Sub-critical and Super critical flows in open channels


Lectures, exercises, laboratories, and laboratory reports.


Grading is based on a written exam (4 credits) and written laboratory reports (1 credit).

If there are special reasons for doing so, an examiner may make an exception from the method of assessment indicated and allow a student to be assessed by another method. An example of special reasons might be a certificate regarding special pedagogical support from the disability coordinator of the university.