The Master's Programme in Investment Treaty Arbitration, the first of its kind, provides you with everything you need for a successful career in a rapidly growing area of law. You gain an advanced and detailed knowledge and a highly practical skill in the field of international investment law and arbitration. Our graduates work in leading positions in international law firms, government, international organisations, businesses, and academia.
Why this programme?
The programme provides the opportunity for an in-depth and high-profile study of international investment law and arbitration. It is one of the most highly regarded LLM degrees in the specialised field of international dispute resolution.
The field of international investment arbitration has been grown exponentially in practical importance. It is one of the few areas of public international law with significant private practice. Lawyers with special knowledge in the area are in demand in law firms, governments, banks, large companies, the European Union, international organisations, such as ICSID, and NGOs.
After successfully completing the programme, you will have:
in-depth knowledge of theory and practice of international investment law and relevant parts of general public international law
in-depth knowledge of theory and practice of international investment arbitration, including the relevant arbitral jurisprudence and legal doctrine
the ability to handle cases through practical dispute resolution training
the ability to structure and present - orally and in written form - complex legal problems to a well-informed audience.
During the programme you can expect to:
discuss and analyse the basic principles and rules of international (investment) arbitration as the predominate mode of dispute settlement in the field
learn how foreign investment is protected under public international law
understand how international investment law and arbitration interacts with other key concepts of public international law such as state responsibility and attribution and other legal regimes, such as EU law and the international human rights regime
be taught by a dedicated faculty leading in their fields as well as by an internationally renowned adjunct faculty of practitioners, government officials, and academics
study effectively in small groups
take part in mini-moot courts, workshops, and tutorials with a focus on professional skills
expand your professional network.
Many of the faculty members are leading or active members of European and international networks and working groups and participate in high-level research projects. Regular contact is also maintained with researchers from other top universities, with colleagues from other disciplines, and with the private practice and the business community.
We conduct research not only in the traditional legal topics but also in a number of newer special fields, of which many are at the highest level both in and outside Sweden.
Student profile You have a Bachelor's degree in law and a strong interest in international economic and commercial transactions including investments and trade. You may have some practical experience working after earning your Bachelor's degree, but you have not forgotten your broad theoretical base and study techniques. You are fluent or close to fluent in English.
You are extremely motivated and have confidence in your own ability and knowledge. You are therefore prepared for a demanding education that will require both self-determination and an ability to contribute to teamwork with fellow students. How successful you become will be up to you and that is how you like it.
A future PhD education is a possibility you may have thought about, but working right after graduation is also something you are considering. You like to keep your options open for now and would therefore value an education that gets you in close contact both with current research and practitioners in the field.
The programme leads to a Master of Laws (60 credits) LLM with Legal Science as the main field of study.
Module 1 The first module provides you with a general introduction to international arbitration. This module covers all the basic principles and rules of mainly commercial arbitration, which, historically, served as role model for investment arbitration. You will discuss and analyse, for example, the arbitration agreement, the appointment of arbitrators, procedural issues, applicable law and enforcement of arbitral awards.
Module 2 The second module will focus on the protection of foreign investments under public international law. The relevant sources relate to treaties (i.e. bilateral and multilateral investment protection treaties) and customary international law. One important aspect of this module is treaty interpretation based on the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.
Module 3 The third module will address procedural issues in connection with investment treaty arbitration. The focus will be on jurisdictional issues, such as the applicability of most favoured nation clauses to procedural issues, confidentiality and transparency, immunity, and enforcement of investment awards. Attention will also be given to the European Union's approach in reshaping Investor-State Dispute Settlement.
Module 4 The fourth module is the preparation of your degree thesis. You can select the topic together with your course director.
You will be taught by a dedicated faculty leading in their fields. Your learning experience is complemented by an internationally renowned adjunct faculty of practitioners, government officials, and academics. You study effectively in small groups and take part in mini-moot courts, workshops, and tutorials with a focus on professional skills.
In Uppsala teaching is based on the so-called problem-based methodology. As a consequence, there are very few lectures, and instead you will partake in different forms of seminars. At the seminars problems are discussed and analysed, as well as possible solutions to problems. You and your classmates will be divided into smaller teams that are expected to meet and prepare for each classroom session. The aim is to develop critical thinking and collaborative skills. All the students are expected to be active participants in all forms of discussions.
The problem-based teaching method is founded on active student participation. Therefore, it is compulsory for you to attend every session. You will be required to produce one or several papers during the courses. At the end of each course, there will be a written examination.
It is envisaged that you participate in a moot court running in parallel to the modules and typically organised by a leading law firm together with the course director. Upon individual performance, you and your classmates will be divided into teams with different tasks, such as writing briefs, expert opinions and other submissions.
The Faculty of Law at Uppsala University is the oldest law department in Sweden with a history spanning more than 500 years. It hosts one of Scandinavia's and Europe's most popular and renowned programmes. Our model of teaching is based on a foundation of high-quality research carried out by the faculty and extensive international cooperation with other universities.
During the last decade, we have seen an explosion of investment treaty arbitrations. With around 3,000 bilateral investment protection treaties and two major multilateral investment protection treaties, there is every reason to assume that this development will continue. In addition, the EU has become more and more involved in investment protection matters, including investment treaty arbitration.
This means there will be a growing demand for lawyers with in-depth knowledge of international investment law. Almost every kind of participant in international investment and trade will require lawyers with such knowledge, including law firms, government agencies, banks, corporations, international organisations, and NGOs. This programme, which is the first of its kind in the world, is well positioned to fulfil this demand.
The programme will also make you an attractive candidate if you wish to pursue PhD studies at Uppsala University or other universities around the world.
Our previous graduates come from all kinds of educational backgrounds and jurisdictions and work in leading positions in government agencies, in firms that specialise in international law, banks, international organisations, and corporations as well as in the academic world.
Career support During your time as a student, UU Careers offers support and guidance. You have the opportunity to take part in a variety of activities and events that will prepare you for your future career. Learn more about UU Careers.
Below you will find the details about eligibility requirements, selection criteria, and tuition fees. For information on how to apply and what documents you need to submit, check the application guide. For this programme, besides the general supporting documents, you also need to submit three programme-specific documents with your application: 1. CV; 2. a statement of purpose; 3. two letters of recommendation.
Master's Programme in Investment Treaty Arbitration
Requirements: Academic requirements A Bachelor's degree, equivalent to a Swedish Kandidatexamen, from an internationally recognised university. The main field of study must be Law or Legal Science.
Language requirements Proficiency in English equivalent to the Swedish upper secondary course English 6. This requirement can be met either by achieving the required score on an internationally recognised test, or by previous upper secondary or university studies in some countries. Detailed instructions on how to provide evidence of your English proficiency are available at universityadmissions.se.
Students are selected based on:
an overall appraisal of previous university studies;
a curriculum vitae (CV);
a statement of purpose; and
two letters of recommendation.
If you are not a citizen of a European Union (EU) or European Economic Area (EEA) country, or Switzerland, you are required to pay application and tuition fees. Fees cover application and tuition only and do not cover accommodation, academic literature or the general cost of living. Read more about fees.